Guineai/ˈɡɪni/, officially the Republic of Guinea (French:République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French:Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 10.5 million and an area of 245,860 square kilometres (94,927sqmi).
Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.
The etymology of "Guinea" is uncertain. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River (as opposed to the 'tawny' ZenagaBerbers, north of it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors). The term "Guinea" is extensively used in the 1453 chronicle of Gomes Eanes de Zurara.
King John II of Portugal took up the title of Senhor da Guiné (Lord of Guinea) from 1483. It is believed the Portuguese borrowed Guineus from the Berber term Ghinawen (sometimes Arabized as Guinauha or Genewah) meaning "the burnt people" (analogous to the Classical GreekAithiops, "of the burned face"). The Berber terms "aginaw" or "Akal n-Iguinawen" mean "black" or "land of the blacks."
The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814. It was the first English machine-struck gold coin, originally worth one pound sterling, equal to twenty shillings, but rises in the price of gold relative to silver caused the value of the guinea to increase, at times to as high as thirty shillings. From 1717 to 1816, its value was officially fixed at twenty-one shillings. Then, Great Britain adopted the gold standard and guinea became a colloquial or specialised term.
The name came from the Guinea region in West Africa, where much of the gold used to make the coins originated. Although no longer circulated, the term guinea survives in some circles, notably horse racing, and in the sale of rams to mean an amount of one pound and one shilling (21 shillings) or one pound and five pence in decimalised currency. The name also forms the basis for the Arabic word for the Egyptian poundالجنيهel-Genēh / el-Geni, as a sum of 100 qirsh (one pound) was worth approximately 21 shillings at the end of the 19th century.
Now 25, she travelled to Kuwait in 2018 with a group of other women, some of whom had taken loans to pay for passports and medical checks ... He said the women suffer from a range of medical issues ... She got a bus to Conakry in neighbouring Guinea, then boarded a flight with about 100 other African women.
One-third of musicians were still earning nothing after restrictions on live events were lifted this summer, according to UK charity Help Musicians ... "I couldn't be in a position where I could be a guinea pig," she explained. "We had to wait until it was safe for me and I was cleared by my medical team to go back out.". ... .
A New Zealand medical and logistics support team with essential supplies to assist Papua New Guinea with its Covid-19 crisis have departed New Zealand ...There are already medical teams on the ground from Australia and Britain assisting Papua New Guinea with the medical crisis.
To receive Global Research’s Daily Newsletter (selected articles), click here ... Sen ... Twisted ... “The use of trusted and beloved figures in this propaganda assault to induce children into submitting as guinea pigs to injections with an experimental high-risk zero-liability medical product with no proven benefits for kids is unconscionable and revolting.
The lawsuit argues the vaccine mandate violates the plaintiffs’ constitutional and federal statutory rights because it “undermines their bodily integrity and autonomy and conditions their employment on their willingness to take what for them and those working with them is a medically unnecessary vaccine.”.
Australia continues to provide medical support to Papua New Guinea for the fight against Covid-19 ... Australia has dispatched another Medical Assistance Team to PNG, the sixth such deployment to assist its neighbour since the pandemic began ... Last week, a British emergency medical ...
... with blood donation and mistrust of medical providers all raise substantial hurdles.” ... “A lot of Black people, they don’t really fool with the health care system,” Wyant said, acknowledging the nation’s history of using them as medical guinea pigs.
Noting that this year also marks the 50th anniversary of the dispatch of China's first medical team to Equatorial Guinea, he said Chinese medical teams have made important contributions to improving his country's medical care capacity and protecting the health of its ...